Master 2: geopolitics

“Geopolitics: Territories and Power Relations”

  • Field: Social Science
  • Major: Geopolitics
  • Specialty: Territories and Power Relations
  • Two-year master’s program. Reorientation possible at the end of the first year and at the beginning of the second year.

Admission Requirements:

  • Students having completed the first-year master’s program in geopolitics must have successfully defended a first-year thesis with the honorable mention “bien” and validated the required coursework.
  • Students coming from other departments at the University of Paris 8 or from other universities must send an application, pass an interview and present a first-year master’s thesis (minimum 60 pages) with the honorable mention “bien.”
  • Foreign students and students coming from other public or private schools (business, journalism, international relations, architecture, urban planning, etc.) with a comparable level of studies may enroll by validating transfer credits.
  • Validation of prior experience (validation des acquis de l’expérience – VAE): The application must include a research project or a certificate of acceptance to an internship or apprenticeship program. The diploma is obtained through a master’s thesis or, in authorized cases, through an internship or apprenceship report.
  • The student nevertheless enrolls in the master’s program with a standard research project that he or she works on as long as he or she hasn’t gotten an internship.

Second-Year Objectives:

The second year includes three axes:

  • Acquiring knowledge about large geographical areas by attending seminars given by professors and guest speakers
  • Mastering methodology: diatopical spatial analysis (multiple scales), diatopical diagrams of players, geopolitical representations
  • Mastering epistemology: critical analysis of geopolitical concepts

Second-year graduate students in Geopolitics are not separated into “Research” and “Professionalization” groups. Students who wish to build on the coursework in a more directly professional sense may apply for an internship or an apprenticeship. Internship offers that the Institute receives are forwarded to students according to their research interests and the particular skills they have acquired.


  • The grade received for the master’s thesis corresponds to the honorable mention given on the diploma. The thesis or the internship report is defended at the end of the academic year in June or in September before a committee composed of the research supervisor and another IFG professor or the internship supervisor.

International mobility

  • See the “international” section

 Job Perspectives

Higher education, research centers, ministries (Defense, Foreign Affairs, Interior, Urban Development, etc.), journalism, consulting. It is recommended to do an internship in certain organizations (media, businesses, NGOs, embassies, ministries, local and regional government, etc.) in order to create job opportunities other than research.


  • Optional internship during the second year if the student received the grade of 14/20 or above on his or her first-year master’s thesis (honorable mention “bien”). The internship must last at least four months (unless an exception is authorized). As attendance in class is required, the internship must be part time or take place outside of class periods. See the list of internships completed during the second-year master’s program.
    1. Students must provide a copy of their first-year master’s thesis if it was not done at the IFG.
    2. The internship must not prevent attendance to IFG courses, which take place on Mondays and Tuesdays from October to April.
    3. The internship supervisor must provide a profile of the position, with precise indications of the intern’s responsibilities.
    4. The IFG reserves the right to ask the internship supervisor to meet to sign the contract and to participate in the committee in charge of evaluating the student’s internship report.
  • If the student finds an internship, he or she must write a fifty-page report including at least five maps. The report must contain:
    1. A geopolitical presentation of the institution/association, a history of the organization, the intern’s responsibilities, his or her relations with other players (with a diagram), the human and material resources, representations (discourse, ideology, arguments, communications policy), the stakes of his or her activities, the budget (public/private), any well-known stakeholders involved, etc.
    2. Presentation of the work performed during the internship (tasks or projects accomplished)
    3. Appreciation of the internship, feedback on the experience, shortcomings noticed, difficulties encountered, the extent to which the classes at the IFG prepared the student for the internship, the interest of the position, work load, atmosphere, etc.
  • It is also possible to obtain an apprenticeship agreement.

Introduction to Decisional and Operational Cartography

This course is designed to build students’ skills in decisional and operational cartography. After learning a few theoretical aspects of geopolitical cartography, the students work on concrete cases where a map is used for communication purposes or as a decision-making tool. Students spend most of their time carrying out an original decisional and operational cartography project, so as to create an atlas either for their employer (internship, apprenticeship) or to summarize the work they carried out in their master’s thesis using a collection of maps. Certain cartography projects may be published on the website of the consulting firm Cassini or on that of the French Institute of Geopolitics.

Presentation of the master’s program[fr] : Présentation du Master

Description of the second-year master’s courses in Geopolitics [fr]: Descriptif des cours du master 2 géopolitique

For more information on studies, grants, housing, and foodservice, please visit the ministerial website: http://www.etudiant.gouv.fr